Money Makes the World Go ’Round: финансовый образ мира сквозь призму современных американских пословиц

  • Вольфганг Мидер Университет Вермонта, США, 05405-0160, Вермонт, Берлингтон, Южный пр., 85

Аннотация

Независимо от того, в какой валюте обращаются деньги, они управляют нашей жизнью и ее финансовой составляющей. Неудивительно, что со времен античности и до наших дней пословичный фонд всех наций богат пословицами о деньгах. Множество таких пословиц существует и в  США. Базой для исследования послужили пословицы из словаря «The Dictionary of Modern Proverbs» (2012) под редакцией Чарльза Дойла, Вольфганга Мидера и  Фреда Шапиро. Анализ 110  пословиц, появившихся после 1900  года, показывает, что в  них отражается народная мудрость и  общепринятый взгляд на бизнес, торговлю, продажи, покупки, оплату товаров и  услуг, ценообразование и т. д., и во всех этих пословицах деньги играют главную роль. Это можно рассматривать как отражение американского мировоззрения, на формирование которого повлиял капитализм, сказавшийся на социальной и экономической структуре страны. Часть современных пословиц представляют собой советы, как вести финансовые дела, особенно в сфере фондовых рынков; во многих пословицах отражены представления о материальных благах и заинтересованность человека в приумножении своего богатства, но есть и такие пословицы, в которых зафиксированы социально-экономические аспекты общественной жизни, например все увеличивающаяся разница между богатыми и бедными. Не вызывает сомнения, что деньги и богатство являются неотъемлемой частью американской картины мира. В основе американской ментальности лежат и многие другие аспекты, но деньги и бизнес являются доминирующими ее составляющими.

Ключевые слова:

современные американские пословицы, ментальность, деньги, языковая картина мира

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Опубликован
2020-12-07
Как цитировать
Мидер, В. (2020). Money Makes the World Go ’Round: финансовый образ мира сквозь призму современных американских пословиц. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Язык и литература, 17(3), 505–526. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu09.2020.310
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Языкознание